Botanical Treks

We have carefully selected the Arun River valley and Makalu-Barun National Park as the focus for our specialised botanical treks and expeditions. 

Walking north up the Arun River to Sedua and Num we get to the upper Barun Khola valley for a close view of Mt Makalu (8,463m). The valley is renewed for it’s magnificent examples of Himalayan orchids and other wildflowers including many valuable medicinal plants. The Makalu-Barun National Park and Buffer Zone, covering 1500 + 830 sq, km is the only protected area on earth with an elevation gain of 8,000m. The skyline is panorama of rugged Himalayan peaks, including Mt. Makalu (8,463m), fifth highest mountain in the world and fourth highest in Nepal, Mt. Chamlang (7,319m), Mt. Baruntse (7,129m) and Mera Peak (6,654m). 

The Makalu-Barun National Park is the only strictly protected nature reserve in Nepal. There are 75 varieties of orchid, 67 species of valuable aromatic plants, 25 out of the 30 varieties of rhododendron found in Nepal, 19 species of bamboo, 15 types of oaks including Arkhoulo, 86 species of fodder trees and 48 species of primrose. Over 400 species of bird have also been observed in the park. No doubt there are still as-yet undescribed species of plants hidden away in the diversity of ecosystems covered by the park and adjacent areas. 


Activity levels

  • Easy
    This trip generally involves an average of 4 – 5 hours slow but steady walk in a day. This rating is for less than 7 days walk below 3500 meters.
  • Moderate
    Moderate trekking involves 5 – 6 hours a day walking at a steady pace below 4000 meters for around 10 days trekking trip.
  • Demanding
    This trip grade involves trekking up to 7 hours a day below 5000 meters for the duration of 10 -15 days trip. Any reasonably active person should be able to manage these trips.
  • Strenuous
    Among the hardest treks in Nepal, but still these treks are in reach of most people however good physical fitness and endurance are required. These trips go above 5000 meters and for the duration of 15 – 20 days walking up to 8 / 9 hours in a day. They may also explore very remote regions where camping over multiple nights is required.
  • Challenging
    This grade includes climbing peaks and the demanding treks in remote areas. Participants having basic knowledge of use of crampons and ice axes are required. First-time climbers can undertake one of our one-day pre-trek ropes and climbing training days to obtain some initial skills and experience.
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