Dolpo is a part of the world history since the 8th century, after the Tibetian Bloodline “The Yarlung Dynasty” conquered most Tibetian territories. It lies in the upper part of Dolpa district of Western Nepal. Dolpo is a high altitude tibetian region surrounded by the Himalayan Mountains including Dhawalagiri (8,172 meters) and Churen Himal (7,385 meters).
The district is connected to the rest of the country via Jufal airport, which can be reached within three days by a horse. There is no precise population number for the region. The estimation of people ranges from less than 5,000 to 18,000. The religion followed by the people of dolpo dates before Buddhism. These people are decendants of Bon. They have preserved the Tibetian culture in a rather pure form, which makes it attractive to westerners. Thus, is a popular destination for trekking.
Dolpo has been screened in the movie “Himalaya”, directed by Eric Valli. The movie was filmed in dolpa district and was nominated for The Best Foreign Film category at the 72nd Academy Awards.
Looking at the geographical essence of Dolpa, it reveals that the region is a part of the sedimentary Tibetian zone. The semi – arid climate results in the annual rainfall of less than 500 millimeters. The region comprises of 4 valleys Tsharka, Tarap, Panzang, and Nangkhong. The agriculture is possible at the heights of 3,800 to 4,180. The crops like buckwheat, millet, mustard, wheat, potatoes, radishes and spinach can be cultivated in the region. Dolop is the greatest part of the dolpa district, however the population is based on the lower southern parts.
Trekking in Dolpo
The trek is usually of 25 - 28 days. Because of the near inaccessibility of the region and the rocky terrain the route has been rated as Very Strenuous. The best time to trek in this region is May – September.
Still most remote parts of the region are restricted for tourism. Thus, you can tell that the region packs a lot more than you usually get to see. The entire district was closed for trekkers till 1989. And later on the southern part of the region was opened for the trekking tourism.
Trekking in this region will take about 28 days. It gives an exposure to the High & Isolated Himalayan valleys, resembling the Tibetan highlands. The major attraction of this trek includes “Shey Phoksundo National Park”, the biggest national park of Nepal. “Shey Phoksundo Lake” is another eye grasping factor of this region. The lake is totally free of aquatic life, due to which the waters are as clear as the sky. Surrounded by rocky terrain, forests, and snow- capped peaks, the area has been described as one of the World’s “Natural Hidden Wonders”.
The trek begins at “Juphal” and follows the trail to “Dunai”, then proceeds to “Tarakot”, way up to “Bang la” Camp, the highest point of this trek, after passing through the “Sanu Bheri” village, we then descend to the beautiful “Phoksundo” Lake, which is a part of the “Shey Phoksundo National Park”.
Trekking in this region will take about 15 days. Lower Dolpo trekking offers a real adventure trekking on remote and rugged terrains. The natural unspoiled corner beyond the Himalayan valleys across western Nepal preserves one of the last remnants of traditional Tibetan culture where the pre-Buddhist Bon-Po religion is still in practice. High mountains including the Dhaulagiri massif to the southeast surround this spiritual sanctuary. Dolpo region provides the opportunities to visit ancient villages, high passes, beautiful Lakes, isolated Buddhist monasteries and also to experience the vast array of wildlife inhabiting the region in Nepal.
Dolpo region preserved Eco-system encompasses a wild and wonderful variety of flora and fauna, including Blue sheep, Mountain Goat, Jackal, Wolf and the legendary Snow Leopard.
Click on the links below to view the full itenarary for trekking in Dolpo:
https://goo.gl/Dns5aX =====> Upper Dolpo
https://goo.gl/P3VeNQ=====> Lower Dolpo