Moderate trekking involves 5 – 6 hours a day walking at a steady pace below 4000 meters for around 10 days trekking trip.
Arun valley lies in eastern Nepal in Makalu – Barun National Park, which has one of the richest bio-diversity among all the conserved areas in Nepal. The area covers the bio-diversity of plants and animals, which has been the attraction to tourists over the years. Red Panda, snow leopard, Himalayan black beer and gray leopard are some of the permanent wildlife of the park. This is a region where you hardly find any modern facilities and amenities but blessed with an incredible diversity of natural beauty.
This trek has very minimum lodge facilities and where no lodges we will make home stay in local people house. Sherpa, Rai and Limbus are main habitants of the Arun valley. Walking north up the Arun River to Sedua and Num, we get to the upper Barun Khola valley for a close view of Mt Makalu (8463m, the valley is renewed for it’s magnificent examples of Himalayan orchids and other wildflowers including many valuable medicinal plants.
Features of the park: From tropical forests along the Arun River to icy mountain summits, Nepal’s Makalu-Barun National Park and Buffer zone, covering 1500 + 830 sq,km. is the only protected area on earth with an elevation gain of 8000m. The skyline is panorama of rugged Himalayan peaks, including Mt. Makalu (8463m) fifth highest mountain in the world and fourth highest in Nepal. Mt. Chamlang (7319m), Mt. Baruntse (7129m), Mera Peak (6654m).
Climate: Makalu-Barun area falls in the eastern Himalayan climatic regime where monsoon starts early (June) and stays longer than in west Nepal (until late September). The climate is generally described as monsoon type, where more than 70% of the precipitation occurs between June and September. Pre monsoon rain is common during the month of April and May, an important factor in biomes production. No reliable records of climatic data represent the entire area – Great variations in temperature and precipitation can be expected due to extreme difference in altitude, slope and aspect within the area.
Flora and fauna: Recognized for its tremendous diversity of plants, animals and people, the area contains 25 species of rhododendron, 47 types of orchids, and 56 rare plants. Snow leopard, red panda, musk deer, wild boar, and they are among the wildlife found here.
After breakfast, we start an interesting tour around Kathmandu. Escorting by an English speaking guide (can be provide any language speaking guide on request) be, try to give them a full taste of our vivid culture image and an enchanting manner of its people. In our sightseeing tour we go to Monkey temple Swayambhunath, Pashupatinath, Bouddhanath and Kathmandu Durbar square.
Bouddhanath: Bouddhanath is a Buddhist religious complex with a history dating back over 500 years. Located on the eastern edge of Kathmandu it is now a site of great pilgrimage for Buddhist followers who circle its massive stupa, spin its many prayer wheels and visit its beautiful monastery. The main feature of Boudhanath is its huge hemispherical white stupa with central golden tower and the all-seeing eyes of the Buddha. Visitors should circle the stupa in a clockwise direction and spin prayer wheels for good fortune and a good life. Visitors may also enjoy visiting the Thangka painting school within the complex to see highly skilled artists at work on religious mandala paintings.
Pashupatinath: Hindu Temple is a very large and complex and focal point for the Hindu religion. This old and very revered complex of buildings and shrines is dedicated to the Lord Shiva, one of the main deities of Hinduism. While Lord Shiva has multiple forms he is often seen as the destroyer. This has great significance for the Pashupatinath temple as it is the site of many Hindi ritual cremations each day. Pashupatinath is considered by Hindus to be an auspicious site for passing from one stage of life to the next through the purifying and destroying flames of cremation. However, on a happier note, visitors may also get to see the temple in a buoyant festival mode with one of the many Hindu festivals celebrated here through the year.
Swayambhunath: You will first visit the Swayambhunath temple complex that sits atop a high hill overlooking Kathmandu and the entire Kathmandu Valley. Swayambhunath is perhaps the most sacred Buddhist pilgrimage site in Nepal. It consists of a very large white stupa with the all-seeing-eye of Lord Buddha plus many small stupa and beautifully carved stone shrines. This is a wonderful place to catch your breath and start to understand and appreciate the deep importance of Buddhist belief to the people of Nepal and the Himalaya region. Make sure you ring the many bells to awaken the gods and let them know you are in Nepal. Take the time to enjoy the view over Kathmandu and have your guide point the many other highlights of the city. In the far distance to the east you may also be able to see the hills of Nagarkot where your hotel for tonight is located. If you feel energetic you might also like to try some or all of the 350 steps that lead all the way from Kathmandu city up to your Swayambhunath temple vantage point.
Kathmandu Durbar Square: The next stop today is the beautiful Kathmandu Durbar Square, or the royal palace square of the ancient Malla kings of the Kathmandu Valley. This square and all its architectural treasures are a UNESCO World Heritage Site. While some damage to buildings occurred in the 2015 earthquake the site still contains many stunning architectural gems. The original royal palace courtyards are open to visitors and you will marvel at the intricate timber carving and beautifully crafted brickwork of the palace. The open square outside the palace has many beautiful multi-storey pagodas and temples with ornate carving and carpentry artwork that tells some of the story of the ancient kings and their mystical time and beliefs. The square also contains many important Hindu temples and statues such as to Vishnu and Lord Shiva. Durbar Square also contains the unique and intriguing Kumari Chok. This is an ancient and ornate house where resides the Raj Kumari – the Living Goddess. She is a young girl chosen through an ancient and mystical selection process to become the human incarnation of the Hindu mother goddess, Durga. If you are in the courtyard of the home at the right time in the afternoon you may see a brief glimpse of the Goddess at her window.
The trail ascends all the way through forest of rhododendrons and sal trees along the Arun River. En route, we pass few villages. Khandbari is administrative down for shankuwashava district of Nepal, it’s good place to see local people activities
Today we walk five hours we still follow the arun river, after some ascend we reach Maney Bhanjyang which is a ridge inhabited by some people in a quite surrounded by forest and this is grazing filed for local people, we launch here then head to Bhotebase another big village where Tibetan travellers pass nights so that the named is BHOTEBASE, BHOTE in Nepal means Tibetan and BASE means to accommodate, we then walk final hour to CHICHILLA, This is a small village mainly inhabited by Gurungs and other communities as well. There is a government school where locals send their children.
The trail ascends for about 2 hours and then descends by a small perennial river and the walk on a flat trail for about 1 hour and reach Num. Num is a beautiful village, which is enriched with many teahouses and telephone facilities, here we left Arun river which comes from KIMATHANKA the Tibet border.
The trail descends steeply for about 2 and half hours till a big river named Neguwa Khola. The trail passes through the suspension bridge and the trail ascends through forest and few traditional villages. People of this area are mainly engaged in agriculture and the crops grown here are paddy, millet, potatoes and vegetables depending upon season. There is a check post and local office of Makalu Conservation Area.
The trail slightly ascends but major part of the trail is flat and easy through the bushes. While walking, we can villages at far distance. Tashigaon, surrounded by verdant forest is a big Sherpa village. We find prayer flags fluttering in sky in and around village. The camping spot in this village is really praiseworthy.
The trail ascends throughout the day and we will walk through forest of Rhododendrons and Sal trees, We launch at Dhara Kharka, an animal grazing field, we lodge at Unshisa, after 2hour from here.
Today we cross small pass at Kongma la (3560m), before doing pass we launch at Kauma, a single teahouse to have meals, the walk gives magnificent view of Arun river, the vegetations are rich enough to explore throughout the walk.
We again have to go through another pass but not too difficult, The trail ascends and then following a trail which brings us to the beautiful lake named “Kalo Pokhari” at the height of (4004m). Leaving this lake, we go downhill until we reach Mumbuk. It is a camping spot surrounded by green forests but we have a small lodge for overnight
The trail today is bit adventurous and strenuous. The trail passes for about 3 hours through a landscape, which is very prone to landslides. The Barun River through the trail adds more dimensions to the trail with its spectacular views of Mt. Tutse (Peak 6 (6739m), & Peak 7 (6185m).
The trail ascends through the grassland and forest. We can enjoy the majestic peaks such as the Mt. Tutse (Peak 6) 6739m, Peak 7 (6185m), Isuwa La (5340m) and many unnamed mountains and peaks. Yak Kharka is a grazing field for Yak, and we lodge here for overnight. The area has plenty of vegetation to explore.
This is a core areas to explore arun valley bio-perversity and plants, This place gives us an opportunity to experience rich flora of the Himalayas with diverse plants that available in Arun valley, hundreds of photographer, scientist, botanist make visit to this place with great interests. The walk may be hard due to altitude but not too long.
We explore further higher to Sherson today, we walk to Ramara before launch, after launch we walk towards Sherson then back to Ramara for overnight, the areas gives great interest for alpine botanist, we may pass hours on exploring plants. The place gives close view of Mt Makalu, the 4th highest in Nepal and the 5th in the world.
We now return the same path that we ascended before, the places are still interesting to explore but we need to come down little faster, on the walk we pass Mera, Ramara and Jark Kharak all of these are high Himalayan pasture land full of high altitude flora.
We descend to Mumbuk via Yangre Kharkha and Tematan Kharkha, both of them also grazing field of the yaks having fertile atmosphere to grow plants. We launch at Tematan Kharkah then another 2hours brings us to Mumbuk.
Today we will cross 2 passes, shipton and Kongma both over 3500m, the walk is adventurous and it provides eye-catching view over Mt makalu and other lesser peak and a view of Barun river way down is magnificent.
We ascend for sometimes in the beginning then descend to UNSHISA in about 3 hrs, we launch here then do our final ups and downs trail till Tashigaon via green forest of sal pine and rhododendrons. Tashigaon, surrounded by verdant forest is a big Sharpe village.
Once we depart from this Sherpa village, the trail slightly descends but major part of the trail is flat and easy through the bushes. People of this area are mainly engaged in agriculture and the crops grown here are paddy, millet, potatoes and vegetables depending upon season. There is a check post and local office of Makalu Conservation Area.
We begins to walk on flat trail for one hour then descend for 2 hours via a small perennial river to reach Num. We continue another 2 hours via Runbaun; Num is a beautiful village, which is enriched with many teahouses and telephone facilities. At Num we join the Arun River, which runs down from Kimathanka, the Tibet border.
Today we follow the Arun river the whole day pass by small settlement fururu& Chichila, on this walk we will see many tropical and sub tropical plants, rice filed and other domestic plants.
It takes about 5 hrs to reach Tumlingtar, we follow the arun rives as usual then reach Kahndbari in 2 hrs, we launch here then descends another 3 hrs following arun river then finally reach Tumlingtar, This is a small town with an airstrip. There is a market and you find some government administrative offices and some teahouses.
Recommended equipment list: Trekkers need to provide their own personal clothing and equipment. Some items of equipment are available for hire from us as like Down Jacket
Footwear : Well broken-in walking shoes - these must be suitable for snow, thick socks, light socks, camp shoes.
Clothing : Down or fiber filled waterproof jacket and trousers, sweater or fleece jacket, underwear, warm and cotton trousers or jeans, shirts and T-shirts, shorts, long underwear, wool hat, sun hat, gloves, bathing suit, track suit.
Other equipment: Sleeping bag (5 seasons), lock, day pack, water bottle, sun cream, sunglasses, flashlight with spare bulbs and batteries, lip salve, gaiters.
Other items: Insect repellent, toilet articles, diary, toilet roll, laundry soap, wet ones, pocket knife, towel, sewing kit, plasters, binoculars, camera, film, cards and personal medical kit.
Duration: 25 days
Grade: Very Strenous
Best Time to go: Apr – May, Sep – Nov
Max. Altitude: 4615m
Group Size: Min 2 pax
Transportation: Private vehicle / Flight